Glossary of Terms

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Glossary of Terms
Parent

A natural, adoptive, or foster parent; a guardian or individual acting in place of a natural or adoptive parent with whom the child lives or who is legally responsible for the child's welfare; a required member of the MDT team

Partners for Success

Resource Centers for Parents, Families, and Schools: formerly called Parent Information Training Centers (PITC's), a partnership between the Maryland State Department of Education and the local school systems establishing resource centers that provide parents and professionals with information, consultation, referral, training and advocacy support regarding special education services.

Physical Therapy (PT)

Services provided by a physical therapist (PT) to address needs in areas of gross motor development such as strength, flexibility, motion and endurance.

Placement

Determined after the IEP has been completed (and often mistakenly referred to only as the class or school facility where a student in special education goes to be educated); placement encompasses all aspects of the individualized program for a student with disabilities including: general and special education, related services, supplementary aids and services, the general educator(s), special educator, therapists, specialists and other components of the special education program. The classrooms and the school where the student is educated are just part of the placement for a student with disabilities.

Positive Behavioral Supports

Interventions intended to reduce an inappropriate behavior and teach a student alternative ways to communicate needs.

Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLOP)

A statement in the IEP of the child's current baseline of strengths and needs as measured by formal and informal evaluations. 

Prior Written Notice

Required written notice to parents when the school proposes to initiate or change, or refuses to initiate or change, the identifications, evaluation, or educational placement of the child. 

Procedural Safeguards

Procedures to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents according to the provisions in the IDEA.

Protection and Advocacy Agency (P&A)

A state agency that provides legal and advocacy assistance to individuals with disabilities and their families. Maryland Disability Law Center (MDLC) is the P&A agency in Maryland.